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Ionescu, Ghiţă. Since the s, Communism in Romania, – has been the classic monograph on the “Ghiță Ionescu, Comunismul în România. Natura, scopul şi efectele regimului totalitar comunist în România,. .. La nivelul teoretic, al scopurilor proclamate, comunismul s-a pretins întruchiparea Ghiţă Ionescu, Communism in Rumania. As soon as they arrived, Soviet army commanders took the liberty to appoint their own officials across the country (Comunismul in Romania, by ghita Ionescu, p.

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The next period, i. A first measure taken by the regime was to modify its short-term economic strategy in the sense of allotting a larger share to consumption and boosting the production of consumer goods. At that moment, he thought that it was too risky to remain in the University Square and consequently ran home. Time and again, Mioc has affirmed that in Romania witnessed an authentic revolution and due to his constant efforts numerous witness accounts and documents related to the inception of the revolution were published.

Hydroelectric power stations necessitated large investments and took long periods of time to be built.

Nevertheless, there was not a carefully planned operation from the part of the protesters. Explaining the Romanian Revolution of Pluto Press,— During the period —, the small group of local communist militants brought to power by the Red Army managed to maintain its position by displaying ln loyalty towards Moscow and humbly emulating the Soviet model.

Vehicles were set on fire. With that occasion, the Hungarian intellectual and former dissident G. Our scope was to survive. Echipa de reeducare de la Jilava era formata din col. For instance, in out of a total ofdwellings put into occupancy, one-room dwellings amounted to 57, As far as the community political culture is concerned, the comunusmul significant for this discussion are its sub-cultures that, in the terms of the present analysis, are defined as the political cultures of resistance against the regime.


Some were arrested, while others were injured or killed.

Across Romania, people stared at the television screens. These sectors however were unable to produce competitive goods for export, especially for the Western markets. December — July— A revolution is a rapid and fundamental domestic change in the dominant values and myths of a society, in its political institutions, social structure, leadership, and government activity and policies, following violent or non-violent mass protests.

Starting from this assertion, the period — can be divided into four distinct periods that represent different stages in the complicated relationship between politics and economics under communist rule in Romania.

Formats and Editions of Comunismul în România []

The first clashes between roania protesters and the repressive forces — supported by fire engines and Militia troops, took place sporadically between and hours on Saturday 16 December. Thus, the two nation-specific factors that determined the nature violent or non-violentas well as the outcome of the revolutions in ECE are: Editura Alfabetul,comunsmul In Bulgaria, pe 7 Dec.

In the Bulgarian case, however, it was a palace coup that preceded the revolution. As shown in Chapter 1, the communist dictatorships in Bulgaria and Romania have been termed as modernizing-nationalizing dictatorships, thus stressing the fact that the communist power elites in both countries eventually understood the importance of economic development and nation- building as means of legitimizing their power.

Ionescu, Ghiţă. Communism in Romania, 1944–1962, in English, 1964. Book

Brown wonderfully put it,3 were present only in the Romanian case. Throughout the following chapters, the explanatory model presented above is consistently applied for explaining the most contested — though the sole truly violent — of the revolutions ofi. Romajia Case of Romania, — Berkeley: In this respect, the first thing to say about the approach to urbanization adopted by the Gheorghiu-Dej regime is that it focused overwhelmingly on the industrial aspect, i.

On the one hand, the regime applied consistent policies meant to tame and subsequently co-opt the population. Roth and Jal D.


The power elite in Bucharest reacted swiftly and not only that condemned the Hungarian revolution, but also displayed absolute loyalty towards the Soviets.

In other cases, anti-fascism or nationalism acted for a while in support of the respective regimes and thus alleviated the ionsecu effects of ideological decay. Therefore, the crucial decision about the size of accumulation is political.

Individul este ceva care trebuie suprimat Economic failure refers primarily to the perceived failure of state socialism to offer a living standard similar to that of the more advanced Western, capitalistic societies, and not necessarily to the absolute failure of those regimes to achieve a certain level of economic development.

Theories and pseudo-theories have been put forward, and a variety of hypotheses and concepts supported one another or clashed vigorously. True, revolutions are generally unexpected and perhaps this is why they represent a fascinating research topic. Dissident networks did ionsecu appear and cross-class alliances did not emerge in such societies.

Ramba Gheorghe din Voievodeni, arestat de lt. De exemplu, pe 28 Dec. The gihta of the s paved in many respects the way for the bloody revolution ofand therefore the causes and immediate effects of the economic crisis are critically assessed in order to explain the relationship between the miseries of everyday life and the high potential for protest of a majority of the population in the late s.

As he further points out: The explanatory model presented above is applied consistently to the Romanian case beginning with Chapter 3. Nothing hampered the columns in their march towards downtown: This interpretation contends that ionezcu events of were the direct result of an international conspiracy conducted from abroad by the intelligence agencies of the two superpowers with the complicity of some segments of the party, secret police and ioneacu military.


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