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Originally issued in and updated in and , this pioneering study of “small group” conflict and cooperation has long been out-of-print. It is now. His main contribution is known as Realistic Conflict Theory, and accounts for group . Intergroup conflict and cooperation: The Robbers Cave experiment (Vol. Intergroup Conflict and Cooperation: The Robbers Cave Experiment by Muzafer Sherif, O.J. Harvey, B. Jack White, William R. Hood, and Carolyn W. Sherif.

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In a study carried out as part of our research program at the University of Oklahoma, James Thrasher co-varied the stimulus situation in gradations of structure and the nature of interpersonal relations of subjects strangers and friends to determine the reciprocal effects of these variations on judgmental reactions.

These interrelated factors — external and ribbers — constitute the frame of reference of the ensuing reaction. This ran counter to expectations built up in the group hierarchy. This experiment was carried out with a grant from fonflict Rockefeller Foundation to the University of Oklahoma.

Have a podcast or know someone who does? Conflicct will not give the step-by-step analysis of the particular interaction process; they will not be adequate for the task of dealing with interpersonal relations or the behavior of particular individual members.

Muzafer Sherif Limited preview – Interpersonal relations and gradations of stimulus structure as factors in judgmental variation: These judgmental indices can conclict checked against data obtained through more familiar observational, rating, and sociometric methods.

This finding has important theoretical implications. The difference between qualities attributed to in-group members and members of friendly out-groups is much smaller and not so clear-cut, as would be expected.

Classics in the History of Psychology — Sherif et al. (/) Chapter 1

Finally, results clearly show a much higher frequency of adn attributes for in-group members e. Intergroup conflict and cooperation: However, the Robbers Cave study has been criticized on a number of issues.

They have been elaborated in our Psychology of Ego-involvements with H. Superordinate goals in the reduction of intergroup conflict. Checking and cross-checking findings obtained at one level against those obtained at another level on the same topic will make interdisciplinary cooperation the integrative meeting ground that it should [p. American journal of Sociology, This study clearly shows that conflict between groups can trigger prejudice attitudes and discriminatory behavior.


Here a similar procedure was followed, with in-group members judging performance both of other in-group members and performance of members of the functionally related out-group. These experimental units represent extensions of the approach summarized to the assessment of positive or negative interpersonal relations, status relations prevailing among the members of in-groups, positive or negative attitudes toward given out-groups and their members.

Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 43, Hood, and Carolyn W. There were also individual prizes for the winning group such as a medal and a multi-bladed pocket knife with no consolation prizes being given to the “losers. Understanding part processes is possible only through analysis of their relations within the functioning system, as well as by analysis of unique properties of the part process itself.

The stability of autokinetic judgments, Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 49, Harper,Chapters 9 and This approach, which considers the behavior of individuals as an outcome of interaction processes into which factors [p.

After being divided into two groups of 12 boys each, in order to split the budding friendship groupings and at the same time constitute two similar units, the two groups lived, worked and played separately Stage 2.

The dimension chosen was the extent of movement.

Unless knowledge of the superordinate or larger functioning system is gained first, before tackling the part processes, there is the likelihood of unwarranted generalizations concerning the parts, and misinterpretation of the true functional significance of the processes observed. The internal factors are motives, attitudes, emotions, general state of the organism, effects of past experience, etc. This stems from our concern jntergroup experimental verification of one essential feature of any group — a set of norms feature 4 of small groups above.

A condensed report in Sociometry, 19, Greater solidarity was evidenced rbbers the in-group when negatively related out-groups were present, as revealed by an increasing relationship between judgmental variation and status ranks and by greater overestimation of performance by in-group members. At this time, several Rattlers made threatening remarks robbesr what they would do if anybody from The Eagles bothered their flag.


The Robbers Cave Experiment: Intergroup Conflict and Cooperation

This finding of a relationship between degree of stability of the [p. Muzafer Sherif is a famous social psychologist important to the psychological understanding of groups and its members. However, such marked individual variations will not be found if the stimulus is a definite, structured object like a circle or a human hand.

Another of the major instigators of the extraordinary volume of small group research stems from the practical concern of business and military agencies. They are jointly determined by functionally related internal and external factors operating at a given time. Grateful acknowledgment is made to the editors of the Review for permission to reproduce this paper here in substantially the same form. The plan and general hypotheses for these stages are similar, on the whole, to those of the study summarized earlier.

Reprint edition, Wesleyan University Press, Putting on a conference? Situations were also devised whereby one group gained at the expense of the other. Earn your certificates today!

Whyte, ; Arensberg, Also, participants were not cvae from physical and psychological harm. On the basis of findings at a sociological level, hypotheses concerning the formation of small in-groups and relations between them were derived and tested in our camp experiment Sherif and Sherif, Since Lewin’s experiments in the ‘s comparing lecture and group discussion methods in changing attitudes, various studies have shown that in the American setting skillfully conducted group discussion in which members participate is more effective than lecture presentation inteegroup the same material.


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